Non-surgical root canal therapy is a dental procedure to save a natural tooth that has become infected or severely decayed. At Marcial Dental PC, the goal of a root canal is to remove the infected or damaged pulp from the inside of the tooth, clean and disinfect the root canals, and seal them to prevent further infection. It is called "non-surgical" because it involves accessing and cleaning the root canal system without surgical intervention, such as gum incisions or bone removal. The dentist examines the tooth and takes dental X-rays to assess the extent of infection or damage. They determine if a root canal is necessary and discuss the treatment plan with the patient.
What Is the Difference Between a Non-Surgical and a Surgical Root Canal?
Non-Surgical Root Canal
A non-surgical root canal is comparable to a dental filling, except it treats the tooth considerably deeper. A non-surgical root canal entails drilling the crown of a patient's tooth to access the tooth's internal pulp and root canals. The pulp is then extracted from the tooth's interior and root canals. After that, the interior of the tooth and canals are cleansed and sterilized before being filled with gutta-percha.
After the tooth has been filled, it is sealed with a big dental filling and covered with a permanent dental crown. This repairs and strengthens the inner and exterior of the patient's natural tooth. A dentist often conducts Nonsurgical root canal procedures using a local anesthetic to keep the patient comfortable and pain-free during treatment.
Surgical Root Canal
On the other hand, surgical root canals necessitate incisions in the patient's gum tissues to access the outer section of the tooth's roots. This incision protects the existing restorations on a tooth.
During a surgical root canal, the root is reached from the side to remove diseased material. This could include the root canal's termination, tip, or fractured part. Depending on how much bone was extracted, the end of the root canal may be sealed with a root-end filling or a bone graft to stimulate regrowth.
The Procedure for Non-Surgical Root Canals
Before the procedure begins, the dentist in Flushing & New York, NY administers local anesthesia to numb the tooth and the surrounding area, ensuring the patient is comfortable during the treatment. The dentist creates a small access hole in the tooth's crown to reach the pulp chamber and root canals. They carefully remove the infected or inflamed pulp tissue from the canals using specialized instruments. The dentist uses small files to clean and shape the root canals, removing any remaining pulp, bacteria, and debris. They may use antimicrobial solutions to disinfect the canals and prevent future infections. Once the canals are thoroughly cleaned and shaped, the dentist fills them with a biocompatible gutta-percha material. This material seals the canals to prevent reinfection. Sometimes, a temporary filling may be placed until a permanent restoration, such as a dental crown, can be placed.
Non-surgical root canal treatment alleviates pain, eliminates infection, and allows patients to retain their natural teeth for biting, chewing, and maintaining proper oral function. For the best dental care, visit Marcial Dental PC at 164-11 Crocheron Ave, Flushing 11358, or call (718) 353-1309, or at 150 E 58th St. 8 Floor Annex, New York 10155, or call (917) 227-2328.